This wonderful block is often seen in antique and vintage quilts. Cross Roads has many names and variations. It is a simple block to make and I was too tired tonight to draft it so. I cut out the pattern for a 14 inches block that I had and the original pattern size from Ladies Art Co was 18 inches. It is block number 24 in the 1898 catalog. So I figured out as I went what size the pieces need to be cut for a 12 1/2 inches square unfinished block. Traditionally the corner pieces are the same fabric as the back ground fabric but I wanted to bring out the blue contrasting circles in the other two fabrics. All these fabrics are 19th century reproduction fabrics and true to color. Placing the blue in the corners works the same as framing a picture with a double mate which the inside mat of thin color to draw out a color of interest that is in the picture. Otherwise the eye would not notice it at first.
We always think of 19th century fabrics as mostly browns, greens, chrome yellow, madder red and cheddar. But they also had bright colors too that faded and turned to beige or disappeared all together. Textile researches look carefully into the hidden seams to see the true colors that have not faded. Also there are still salesman catalogs with swatches of fabric in textile collections. These swathes has been carefully copied for their color and design. Old photo graphs also help in determining print patterns that were popular and what time period they were in.
To make this block you will need to cut:
One 11 1/2 inches square of background fabric. To cut it in 4 triangles you fold it in half from corner to corner and press then fold it one more time in half. Then press again and open. This will mark the piece with a X for you to cut on. That will give your the four triangles of back ground fabric.
Cut four 2 inches by 7 1/2 inches rectangle out of a second fabric.
Cut one 2 inches square for the center from a third fabric.
Cut two 2 1/2 inches squares that is then cut cross wise corner to corner to make four corner triangles from the back ground fabric.
Follow the picture below on what order to sew the sections together with a quarter inch seam. Your block after you are finished will be slightly larger then 12 1/2 inches square. This gives you a little to trim to a perfect 12 1/2 inches square.
After joining the pieces to make the X then you add the corner pieces. If you use the same fabric as the background pieces the X will not go out to the edges.